AcasăTerapiiPsihologie„Mituri despre bolile mintale” - Descoperă adevărul ascuns din spatele legendelor.

„Mituri despre bolile mintale” – Descoperă adevărul ascuns din spatele legendelor.

„Mituri despre bolile mintale” – Descoperă adevărul ascuns din spatele legendelor.

25% of the population will experience some form of mental illness at some point in their lives, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO). Despite this, there are still many false beliefs about mental disorders that need to be debunked. October 10th: World Mental Health Day The fact that October 10th is celebrated as World Mental Health Day was an initiative created by the World Federation for Mental Health in order to give more visibility to mental illnesses, normalize them, dignify those who suffer from them, and fight against the stigmas, discrimination, and marginalization that affect them. Despite numerous awareness campaigns and a large volume of documentaries on this topic that discuss mental disorders rigorously and professionally, there continue to be numerous myths surrounding mental health illnesses that are far from the reality of these disorders and lack any scientific basis. These popular beliefs lead to attitudes of rejection and intolerance, causing additional distress to the patients and their loved ones. Debunking Myths about Mental Illness It is common to hear expressions like the following, which reflect false beliefs about mental illnesses, especially in the case of severe mental disorders that are highly stigmatized and largely unknown to society at large. „People with mental illnesses are violent, dangerous, and unpredictable” The majority of people with mental illnesses, even severe ones, are not violent; they simply have the same probability of being violent as anyone else without a mental disorder. On the contrary, they are more vulnerable to being victims of violence and other types of crimes than people without mental health issues. This false statement is fueled by the distorted image that many media outlets portray with sensationalistic headlines. Furthermore, movies and television series have increased the credibility of this erroneous conception of mental disorders. „They can’t live in society because they don’t fit in” People with severe mental illnesses can live perfectly well in society if they have the necessary support and resources to lead independent and autonomous lives. These supports should be provided by relevant institutions and professionals from various fields, such as doctors, psychologists, career counselors, social workers, therapeutic assistants, social educators, or support groups, among others. These supports, well-coordinated with each other, can help manage symptoms, promote social integration, and mitigate the effects of mental disorders. In fact, individuals who are integrated into society and have a social network that includes not only professionals but also a partner, family members, and friends who provide them with help and support in their daily lives, have a better prognosis for their condition and are more resilient to relapses or worsening of their disorder. „They are not capable of working” Similarly to the previous point, those with severe mental disorders can work like anyone else if they are provided with the necessary conditions and supports to do so. However, society in general, and companies in particular, make it very difficult for these individuals to access employment and develop in a work environment, which is also highly beneficial and necessary for the improvement and progress of their condition. In the few cases where they do secure a job, they are not given responsibilities, which limits them and treats them as if they were children – ultimately, we disable them. „Mental disorders cannot be cured” People with severe mental disorders can improve and, in fact, do improve with sufficient support and appropriate treatment under control. Treatment includes regular medical check-ups, medication, psychological support, family support, support from professionals who help them find work, and depending on the individual’s level of impairment, professionals and volunteers who assist them with everyday activities (such as shopping, managing money, cleaning the house, maintaining healthy habits, and so on). „If someone has a mental disorder, it’s because they drink, do drugs, or don’t take care of themselves” While it is true that drugs can precipitate the onset or worsen mental illnesses, the reality is that severe mental disorders have various causes. There are also risk factors that make individuals vulnerable to developing them, such as genetic predisposition, brain abnormalities, deficiencies in early attachment relationships, emotional deficits, psychological trauma, social factors, and environmental factors such as work stress, poverty, or isolation. Additionally, some individuals with severe mental disorders who also have addictions or engage in self-destructive behaviors turn to substance use as a means of escape due to the intensity of their distress or the characteristics of their illness. Therefore, neglecting personal care, having problems with alcohol and drugs can also be a complication that follows the experience of a severe mental disorder. It is important to make it clear that people who suffer from these disorders are not to blame for having developed their conditions. „It won’t happen to me” Given that mental illnesses and their causes are diverse and varied, anyone can potentially develop a mental illness. In fact, the WHO estimates that 1 in 4 people will experience a mental illness at some point in their lives. It is therefore very important to take care of both our physical and mental health and prevent the onset of these disorders by maintaining good lifestyle habits such as getting enough sleep, having a balanced diet, exercising, maintaining healthy personal relationships, and exercising our minds. „He has OCD” „I’m depressed…” „You’re bipolar!” „I’m in autisMode” „Don’t be antisocial” „This is enough to make me want to cut myself” How many times do you say or hear phrases like these? We often use technical terms referring to clinical pathologies to describe everyday phenomena such as feeling sad or having a bad day, being extremely organized, having mood swings, not feeling like going out, or needing some time alone. The way we use these terms carries a strong negative connotation and contributes to perpetuating the stigma and ignorance surrounding mental illnesses. According to WHO data, mental disorders will be the leading cause of disability worldwide by 2030. However, by using these expressions, we deny the pathological component of distress and the tremendous difficulties faced by individuals with mental illnesses, as we equate them with the suffering caused by everyday problems in individuals without this diagnosis. Using these clinical terms so casually only reinforces the false belief that their limitations or idiosyncrasies are an excuse or something whimsical. Although we may not do it intentionally since these expressions are unfortunately widespread in society, it is cruel to trivialize mental disorders in this way. Helping the Integration of People with Mental Illness in Society We must all be aware that by preventing individuals with mental illnesses from living normal lives alongside others, denying them access to employment, and hampering their integration into society, we are „disabling” these individuals. If we do not help them integrate, we are preventing or making it difficult for them to maintain normalized personal and work relationships. This, in turn, leads to social isolation, a lack of routine (which is essential for the majority of them), a decrease in their sense of worth and self-esteem, and a lack of motivation to fight for their rights or desires. All of this together leads to further stigmatization and discrimination. In conclusion, we all need to be more understanding and tolerant, try to help individuals with mental illnesses integrate into society, and start…

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